National Boundary Commission was first established by the National Boundary Commission Act., Chapter 238 of 1987. That Act has now been repealed and is now replaced by the National Boundary Commission (Establishment) Act, 2006. By the new Act, a new National Boundary Commission was born with enhanced powers and functions to deal with boundary problems between Nigeria and her proximate neighbours and inter or intra boundary disputes between States, Local Government Areas and Communities in Nigeria.
As at the moment, National Boundary Commission is composed of eight (8) departments namely:
- Department of Administration and Supplies
- Department of Internal Boundaries
- Department of International Boundaries
- Department of Maritime Services and Geo-Information Technology
- Department of Research and Policy Analysis
- Department of Finance and Accounts
At the top of the departments is the Office of the Director General, which itself is composed of the Internal Audit, the Protocol and Information Units respectively.